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Economist Mahima Khanna wins Cambridge Prize

Economist Mahima KhannaIndian economic success but dire poverty

Brilliant economics MPhil student Mahima Khanna from Kolkata, Bengal, has been awarded the prestigious Stevenson Prize by the University of Cambridge for her outstanding economics research work. She has become the third Indian to receive this award after eminent economists Professors Amartya Sen and Sir Patha Dasgupta. However India’s economic success must reach all Indians.  It must be noted that 1998 Economics Nobel Laureate Professor Amartya Sen is also from Bengal and is a former Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. Sir Partha Dasgupta is Frank Ramsey Professor of Economics at the University of Cambridge, UK, and is from Kolkata, Bengal.

The Times of India (10 November 2011) quotes Mahima Khanna saying “Imagine sharing the roll of honor with thee gods in my field of study… My MPhil papers were related to trade liberalization and informality, based on evidences from the manufacturing sector in India. The size of the informal sector in India is growing. The government should patronize it. India’s fiscal deficits and interest rates also interest me.”
This is more evidence (if more evidence were wanted) of India “moving forward” (to quote the horrible contemporary Newspeak) after suffering 2 centuries of genocidal British rule in which avoidable deaths in India  from British-imposed deprivation in the period 1757-1947 totaled 1.8 billion,  an Indian Holocaust and an Indian Genocide as defined by Article 2 of the UN Genocide Convention. Using census and other estimates of Indian population in these periods, post-invasion excess deaths totaled 0.6 billion, 1757-1837; 0.5 billion, 1837-1901 under Queen Victoria; and  0.4 billion in 1901-1947; this being  1.5 billion in total and 1.8 billion victims if the carnage in the various royalty-ruled Indian British Protectorate States are included..
In the last decade in particular, India and China have resumed economic advance toward the economic leadership of the World that they enjoyed in 1750, before the advent of genocidal European colonialism and imperialism
According  to “Indian Child” “between 1911 and 1920, the birth and death rates were virtually equal--about forty-eight births and forty-eight deaths per 1,000 population” whereas in the US the “ideal” annual death rate in the pre-antibiotic era early 1920s was 11  per 1,000  population per year and the birth rate was 27.7 per 1,000  population per year. Using Indian census data 1870-1950,  assuming an Indian population of  about 200 million in the period 1760-1870,  and estimating by interpolation from available data on Indian avoidable death rate in (deaths per 1,000 of population) of 37 (1757-1920), 35 (1920-1930), 30 (1930-1940) and 24 (1940-1950), one can estimate Indian excess deaths of 592  million (1757-1837), 497 million (1837-1901) and 418 million (1901-1947), roughly 1.5 billion in total or 1.8 billion including the Native States.
Of course Eurocentric people may quibble about using the “advanced” US pre-antibiotic era 1920s death rate of 11 per 1,000 of population as a baseline for estimating Indian avoidable mortality (avoidable mortality  rate equals observed death rate  minus death rate  expected for a decently run society with the same demographics). However Indian Ayurvedic medicine had a huge empirical basis gathered over thousands of years (see J.N. Govil and V.K. Singh, “Recent Progress in Medicinal Plants”, 2002, a huge multivolume series) and Indian surgical procedures were thousands of years ahead of pre-Ignaz Semmelweiss (pre-1847) 19th century European practice in terms of sterile practice (Semmelweiss Medallist and famous surgeon Professor Jeno Polya, “The History of Medical Science”, Budapest, 1944).
1.8 billion avoidable Indian deaths from deprivation under the genocidal British over 2 centuries is not that surprising when one considers that despite modern medicine, antibiotics, and the essential absence of famine avoidable deaths from deprivation in the period 1950-2005 in India and South Asia totaled 0.35 billion and 0.47 billion, respectively (see "Body Count. Global avoidable mortality since 1950")).
A cogent summary of genocidal British policy has been given by outstanding Indian ecofeminist and physicist Dr Vandana Shiva (see: “The British created a group of owners of land who would then be the rent collectors, who would then finance the empire and meantime people were losing their land. And this had simultaneous impact on hunger because if all your surplus is being extracted to pay taxes then the very producers of food go hungry, which is why 2 million people [6-7 million] died in the Bengal famine of 1942 [1942-1945]. Not because there wasn’t enough rice in India — we were exporting rice for the war — but because of the way the free trade rights of commerce were higher than the rights of people to eat. And the entire force of the British empire was being used to extract the last amount of paddy from the peasants” (see Dr Vandana Shiva, “Colonization and Independence”).
Churchill was well aware of the consequences of imposed deprivation on Britain's subjects in India. Thus Churchill back in 1935 in a speech to the UK House of Commons: “In the standard of life they have nothing to spare. The slightest fall from the present standard of life in India means slow starvation, and the actual squeezing out of life, not only of millions but of scores of millions of people, who have come into the world at your invitation and under the shield and protection of British power” (see Chapter 14, “Jane Austen and the Black Hole of British History. Colonial rapacity, holocaust denial and the crisis in biological sustainability”, G.M. Polya, Melbourne, 1998, 2008).
Of course through Churchill's deliberate sustained policies 6-7 million Indians were deliberately starved to death in Bengal and adjoining provinces in 1942-1945 while the World looked on and White Australia had to build novel storage silos to store a mountain of hoarded grain kept from starving India under British instructions (see Gideon Polya, "Bengal Famine.  How Australia & UK killed 6-7 million Indians in WW2”, MWC News, 27 September 2011).
Indians should be very pleased about this prestigious University of Cambridge award to the brilliant economist  Mahima Khanna, and the huge economic advances  being made by India after 2 centuries of genocidal British  rule that converted India from being a world economic leader (together with China) in 1750 to a starvation-subjugated charnel house that is well described as Britain’s Auschwitz. Currently about 3.7 million Indians and 5.3 million South Asians still die avoidably each year from deprivation out of a population of 1.1 billion (India) and 1.5 billion (South Asia) . In contrast, avoidable deaths in China each year are essentially zero (0). The fruits of India’s economic advance need to be shared much more equitably. Economic advance of a society is about maximizing the psychological ands physiological well-being of everyone.
The dire poverty circumstances of most Indians and South Asians will only get worse through unaddressed, man-made climate change although South Asians have a vastly power carbon footprint compared to North America and Europe. Thus “annual per capita greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution” in units of “tones CO2-equivalent per person per year” (2005-2008 data) is 0.9 (Bangladesh), 0.9 (Pakistan), 2.2 (India), less than 3 (many African and Island countries), 3.2 (the Developing World), 5.5 (China), 6.7 (the World), 11 (Europe), 16 (the Developed World), 27 (the US) and 30 (Australia; or 54 if Australia’s huge Exported CO2 pollution is included).
Both Dr James Lovelock FRS (Gaia hypothesis) and Professor Kevin Anderson (Director, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Manchester, UK) have recently estimated that only about 0.5 billion people will survive this century due to unaddressed, man-made global warming. Noting that the world population is expected to reach 9.5 billion by 2050 (UN Population Division) , these estimates translate to a climate genocide involving deaths of 10 billion people this century, this including roughly twice the present population of particular mainly non-European groups, specifically 6 billion under-5 year old infants, 3 billion Muslims in a terminal Muslim Holocaust, 2.6 billion South Asians, 2 billion Indians, 1.3 billion non-Arab Africans, 0.5 billion Bengalis, 0.3 billion Pakistanis and 0.3 billion Bangladeshis.
The climate emergency and climate crisis for South Asians is set to dramatically worsen through climate change inaction by Canada, the US, Australia and Europe – what can be described as climate injustice, climate racism and climate genocide (see “Climate Genocide”). Tell everyone you can – the World is badly running out of time.

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